Use of Integrated HBIM Methods for Historic Underground Structures: Pişirici Kastel Case Study

Uzun F., Özkar M.

2nd Eurasian BIM Forum on Advances in Building Information Modeling, EBF 2021, İstanbul, Turkey, 11 - 12 November 2021, vol.1627 CCIS, pp.145-158 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 1627 CCIS
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-16895-6_10
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.145-158
  • Keywords: Cultural heritage, Digital documentation, HBIM, IR thermography, Photogrammetry, Semantic model
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.Digital models for heritage preservation applications are generally based on non-semantic geometric information acquired through photogrammetry or laser scanning. Addressing the need for multi-faceted application information, a Heritage Building Information Model (HBIM) integrates the geometric information with other complementary and semantic data. As a comprehensive research study on HBIM, this chapter presents a case study on the digital representation of an underground historical water structure with integrated HBIM methodology. Simultaneously identifying the difficulties and obstacles encountered in the documentation process, the study proposes a system to document and examine domain-specific information obtained through digital photogrammetry and thermal imaging methods. As an application case for this, the geometric and selective semantic data of the historical structure was modeled with BIM methods and its integral visual programming language while considering the unit elements that make up the structure. A feedback mechanism was established between the parametric HBIM model and the measurement-based analyses. The model included the current and updatable data at the scale of unit elements that can be used in survey, restitution, and restoration processes, with potential implications for multidisciplinary studies in construction history, architectural conservation, and smart heritage.