Ethanethiol gas removal in an anoxic bio-scrubber

Mhemid R. K. S., Akmırza İ., Shihab M. S., Turker M., Alp K.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, vol.233, pp.612-625, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


The performance of ethanethiol removal in an anoxic lab-scale bio-scrubber was investigated under different operating parameters and conditions for 300 days. The removal efficiency (RE) of ethanethiol was examined as a function of inlet concentration, empty bed residence time (EBRT) and spray density of irrigation. The results showed the best operation conditions and operation characteristics of the bio-scrubber for this study were at an inlet concentration of 150 mg/m(3), a spray density of 0.23 m(3)/m(2)h and an EBRT of 90 s. An average RE of 91% and elimination capacity (EC) of 24.74 g/m(3)h was found for all inlet ethanethiol concentrations. Variations in spray density higher than 0.23 m(3)/m(2)h had no effect on ethanethiol RE at different ethanethiol concentrations. The average experimental yield values were closer to the Y-ET/NO3(-) theoretical value of 0.74 when the main product was elemental sulphur (S degrees). This indicates that S degrees and other forms of sulphur were formed rather than sulphate (SO42-) as the end product. Furthermore, growth kinetics for bio-degradation were evaluated in batch culture experiments using the Monod model, and bio-kinetic parameters of mu(max),K-s,Y-xs and q(max) were obtained as 0.14 1/h, 1.17 mg/L, 0.52 g(x)/g(s) and 0.26 g(s)/g(x) h, respectively.