Efficiency of butyl rubber sorbent to remove the PAH toxicity


Okay O. , OZDEMIR P., Yakan S. D.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, cilt.46, ss.909-913, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 46 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/10934529.2011.580210
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH PART A-TOXIC/HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES & ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.909-913

Özet

Large amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have been released to the marine environment as a result of oil spills and from other sources including wastewaters, surface runoff, industrial processes, atmospheric deposition, biosynthesis, and natural events such as forest fires. PAHs have been known to affect a variety of biological processes and can be potent cell mutagens/carcinogens and toxic. In this study, PAH toxicity removal was investigated by using a novel macroporous butyl rubber (BR) sorbent. To find out the toxicity removal efficiency of the sorbents, the toxicity tests with Vibrio fisheri (luminescence bacteria) and Phaeodactylum tricornutum (marine algae) were applied to the acenaphthene (Ace) and phenanthrene (Phen) solutions in seawater (Ace: 500- 1000 g/L; Phen; 100-1000 g/L) before and after sorbent applications. Additionally, lysosomal stability and filtration rate biomarker techniques were applied to the mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) exposed to 1000 g/L Phen solution and bioaccumulation was measured. The results showed that the toxicity of the PAH solutions decreased 50-100 percent depending on the concentration of the solutions and organisms. Phaeodactylum was found as the most sensitive organism to Phen and Ace. Since the application of BR sorbent removed the Phen from the solution, the bioaccumulated Phen amount in the mussels decreased accordingly.