Increasing water supply by mixing of fresh and saline ground waters


Sen Z., SAUD A., Altunkaynak A. , OZGER M.

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION, cilt.39, ss.1209-1215, 2003 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 39 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2003
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2003.tb03703.x
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1209-1215

Özet

The quality of ground water in any aquifer takes its final form due to natural mixture of waters, which may originate from different sources. Water quality varies from one aquifer to another and even within the same aquifer itself. Different ground water quality is obtained from wells and is mixed in a common reservoir prior to any consumption. This artificial mixing enables an increase in available ground water of a desired quality for agricultural or residential purposes. The question remains as to what proportions of water from different wells should be mixed together to achieve a desired water quality for this artificial mixture. Two sets of laboratory experiments were carried out, namely, the addition of saline water to a fixed volume of fresh water. After each addition, the mixture volume and the electric conductivity value of the artificially mixed water were recorded. The experiments were carried out under the same laboratory temperature of 20degreesC. A standard curve was developed first experimentally and then confirmed theoretically. This curve is useful in determining either the volume or discharge ratio from two wells to achieve a predetermined electrical conductivity value of the artificial mixture. The application of the curve is given for two wells within the Quaternary deposits in the western part of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.