A review of the distribution and extension of Pleistocene glaciations and recent glaciers in Turkey Une revue de la répartition et de l'extension des glaciations Pléistocènes et des glaciers actuels en Turquie


Çiner T. A.

Geographie Physique et Quaternaire, vol.57, no.2-3, pp.205-218, 2003 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 2-3
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.7202/011314ar
  • Journal Name: Geographie Physique et Quaternaire
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.205-218
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Present day glaciers and Quaternary glacial deposits occur in 3 regions in Turkey: 1. The Taurus Mountain Range: Two thirds of the present day Turkish glaciers are concentrated in the SE part of this range. Mount Cilo, (4 135 m) alone supports more than ten glaciers. In the Central part, Aladaǧ (3 756 m) and Bolkardaǧ (3 524 m) constitute two of the most important mountains where small glaciers are present. 2. The Pontic Mountain Range: On the Mount Kaçkar (3 932 m) five glaciers are developed. Although several other mountains contain glacial valleys in the chain, most of the glacier related landforms are severely altered because of the actual humid climatic conditions. 3. Volcanoes and independent mountains of the Anatolian Plateau: Volcanoes such as Mount Ararat (5 165 m) supports an ice cap of 10 km2. The Mount Süphan (4 058 m) and Mount Erciyes (3 917 m) also show signs of glacial activity and active glaciers. Several other mountains in Central Anatolia also bear traces of past glacial activity. As a whole, very limited data are available on Turkish glaciers, and recent observations indicate a glacier recession at least since from the beginning of the 20th century.