Agglomeration temperatures of six lignite ashes were measured in a laboratory scale fluidized bed of quartz sand. The results were compared with the characteristic temperatures of the lignite ashes. The agglomeration temperatures of the burning lignites were determined by measuring the active bed temperature and pressure drop across the bed. The results show that, in such a fluidized bed, agglomeration can begin at temperatures well below the ash fusion temperature. For the six lignites tested, agglomeration started at 860-1060 degrees C, which is about 125-200 degrees C lower than their initial ash deformation temperatures and 300-400 degrees C lower than their ash fusion temperatures. Considering the fact that burning particles in a fluidized bed are 150-200 degrees C hotter than the bed, the results suggest that lignite ashes can agglomerate at temperature levels about the initial deformation temperature.