Risk assessment of trace metals in an extreme environment sediment: shallow, hypersaline, alkaline, and industrial Lake Acıgöl, Denizli, Turkey


Budakoğlu M. , Karaman M. , Kumral M. , Zeytuncu B. , Döner Z. , Yildirim D. K. , ...More

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol.190, no.3, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 190 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10661-018-6495-8
  • Title of Journal : Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
  • Keywords: Lake Acigol, Alkaline hypersaline lake, Sequential extraction, Tracemetal, Lake sediments, HEAVY-METALS, SURFACE SEDIMENTS, SEQUENTIAL EXTRACTION, WESTERN TURKEY, ELEMENTS, GEOCHEMISTRY, ANATOLIA, BASIN, WATER, FRACTIONATION

Abstract

The major and trace element component of 48 recent sediment samples in three distinct intervals (010, 10-20, and 20-30 cm) from Lake Acigol is described to present the current contamination levels and grift structure of detrital and evaporate mineral patterns of these sediments in this extreme saline environment. The spatial and vertical concentrations of major oxides were not uniform in the each subsurface interval. However, similar spatial distribution patterns were observed for some major element couples, due mainly to the detrital and evaporate origin of these elements. A sequential extraction procedure including five distinct steps was also performed to determine the different bonds of trace elements in the < 60-mu particulate size of recent sediments. Eleven trace elements (Ni, Fe, Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, As, Co, Cr, Al and Mn) in nine surface and subsurface sediment samples were analyzed with chemical partitioning procedures to determine the trace element percentage loads in these different sequential extraction phases. The obtained accuracy values via comparison of the bulk trace metal loads with the total loads of five extraction steps were satisfying for the Ni, Fe, Cd, Zn, and Co. While, bulk analysis results of the Cu, Ni, and Velements have good correlation with total organic matter, organic fraction of sequential extraction characterized by Cu, As, Cd, and Pb. Shallow Lake Acigol sediment is characteristic with two different redox layer a) oxic upper level sediments, where trace metals are mobilized, b) reduced subsurface level, where the trace metals are precipitated.