Chaos in pulsar spin dynamics

Deruni B., Doğan M.

12th IFAC Symposium on Nonlinear Control Systems, NOLCOS 2022, Canberra, Australia, 4 - 06 January 2023, vol.56, pp.199-203 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 56
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2023.02.034
  • City: Canberra
  • Country: Australia
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-203
  • Keywords: chaos, intermittency, nonlinear superfluidity, Pulsar spin dynamics
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the present paper, a new model describing neutron star dynamics is analysed. The system under consideration can be described as a modified vortex creep model. Two component model and the vortex creep model have been used successfully to describe post glitch relaxation phase. However, glitch behaviour is yet to be explained. There can be a possible stochastic mechanism that trigger glitches in neutron stars. To this aim, we propose a modification in the nonlinear vortex creep model. The significance of the modification is twofold, the dynamics of the system is able to generate intermittency, imitating the glitch behaviour of pulsars, and the system also show chaotic motion when the system parameters are set accordingly. The chaotic dynamics is verified by using nonlinear tools such as numerical phase portraits, Lyapunov exponents and bifurcation diagrams.