The effect of elevated temperature and silicon addition on a cobalt-based wear resistant superalloy

Osma A., KAYALI E., Ovecoglu M. L.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE, vol.31, no.17, pp.4603-4608, 1996 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 17
  • Publication Date: 1996
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/bf00366358
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.4603-4608
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


The effects of an elevated temperature and a 5 wt% silicon addition on the resultant microstructure and inherent phases of Stellite 6 were investigated by using room and high temperature optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and also bulk hardness and microhardness measurements. It has been observed that exposing Stellite 6 to heat treatments at 1000 degrees C results in a characteristic textured structure and coarsening of interdendritic regions due to bulk diffusion. In addition, both dendritic and interdendritic hardness values increase due to texture formation and increased amounts of carbide and intermetallic phases, respectively. On the other hand, silicon addition to Stellite 6 causes the transformation of the original spongy dendritic microstructure in as-cast Stellite 6 to a eutectic dendritic and skeleton interdendritic structure. Also, when silicon added Stellite 6 was heat treated at 1000 degrees C, particulates emanating from the interdendritic skeleton become irregularly dispersed in the dendritic region. In addition, similarly to Stellite 6; a high temperature heat treatment results in an increase in hardness values of silicon added Stellite 6 due to the presence of an Co2Si intermetallic phase.