Anodic behavior of nickel in sub-molten KOH and its relevance for the production of electroactive nickel oxides


Mohamed N., Örnek C. , Timur S., Uergen M.

SURFACES AND INTERFACES, vol.31, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.surfin.2022.101963
  • Title of Journal : SURFACES AND INTERFACES
  • Keywords: ?-NiOOH, NiO, Anodic oxidation, Alkaline sub-molten KOH, POINT-DEFECT MODEL, IN-SITU RAMAN, SURFACE OXIDES, ELECTROCHEMICAL GROWTH, POLARIZATION TIME, NIO NANOPARTICLES, HYDROXIDE FILMS, PASSIVE FILM, FOAM, OXIDATION

Abstract

This study investigated the electrochemical behavior of pure nickel in sub-molten KOH at 200 degrees C and the structure of surface films formed at different anodic polarization potentials. Potentiodynamic polarization measurements showed an active-to-passive transition followed by transpassivity. Unlike aqueous alkaline solutions, surface films created in active, far passive, and transpassive regions are few microns thick. Grazingincidence x-ray diffraction (GI-XRD), Raman, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements revealed that a thick and defective layer of NiO forms during polarization in the active region. Polarization into the passive regime reduces the thickness and number of defects of NiO and promotes passivity. With the formation of +3 valent nickel at far passive region, a thick, flaky adlayer of potassium-intercalated gamma-NiOOH is produced. At high transpassive potentials, the flake-like morphology deteriorated with the high rate of oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The micrometer thick electroactive anodic surface films formed during active, far passive, and transpassive region became a few micrometers thick because of the high dissolution rate of Ni and the high viscosity of the sub-molten KOH.