Coagulation measurement from whole blood using vibrating optical fiber in a disposable cartridge


Yaras Y. S. , Gunduz A. B. , Saglam G., Olcer S., Çivitci F. , Baris I., ...Daha Fazla

JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL OPTICS, cilt.22, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 11
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1117/1.jbo.22.11.117001
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL OPTICS

Özet

In clinics, blood coagulation time measurements are performed using mechanical measurements with blood plasma. Such measurements are challenging to do in a lab-on-a-chip (LoC) system using a small volume of whole blood. Existing LoC systems use indirect measurement principles employing optical or electrochemical methods. We developed an LoC system using mechanical measurements with a small volume of whole blood without requiring sample preparation. The measurement is performed in a microfluidic channel where two fibers are placed inline with a small gap in between. The first fiber operates near its mechanical resonance using remote magnetic actuation and immersed in the sample. The second fiber is a pick-up fiber acting as an optical sensor. The microfluidic channel is engineered innovatively such that the blood does not block the gap between the vibrating fiber and the pick-up fiber, resulting in high signal-to-noise ratio optical output. The control plasma test results matched well with the plasma manufacturer's datasheet. Activated-partial-thromboplastin-time tests were successfully performed also with human whole blood samples, and the method is proven to be effective. Simplicity of the cartridge design and cost of readily available materials enable a low-cost point-of-care device for blood coagulation measurements. (C) The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.