Synthesis and Electropolymerization of Bis(phenylthieno[3,2-b]thiophenes)- (4,4 '-dinonyl-2,2 '-bithiazole) co-monomer

Sezer E. , OSKEN I., Çınar M., DEMIREL O. , Ustamehmetoğlu B. , Öztürk T.

ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA, vol.222, pp.1592-1603, 2016 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 222
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.electacta.2016.11.145
  • Title of Journal : ELECTROCHIMICA ACTA
  • Page Numbers: pp.1592-1603


Synthesis of comonomer possessing 4,4'-dinonyl-2,2'-bithiazole and 3-phenylthieno[3,2-b] thiophene units (PhTT-NBT-PhTT) was performed under Stille cross coupling condition. Its electropolymerization was conducted in the presence of trifluroborate-diethyl ether (BF3 center dot DEE) to lower the electrochemical polymerization potential through a complex formation between heteroaromatic monomers and boron trifluoride. Electrochemical properties of obtained P[PhTT] and P[PhTT-NBT-PhTT] films, such as effect of electrolyte, polymerization charge, potential limits on the redox behaviour were investigated. They were further characterized by UV-visible spectrophotometric measurements. Corresponding electrical equivalent circuit was applied to the experimental electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) data to explain the parameters of each element and the interface between the Pt/P[PhTT]/BF3 center dot DEE and Pt/P[PhTT-NBT-PhTT]/BF3 center dot DEE systems. The band gap of P[PhTT-NBT-PhTT was obtained as 2.04 eV by insitu spectroelectrochemical measurements. Frontier molecular orbitals and electropolymerization of the comonomer were assessed computationally. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.