Spark plasma sintering of molybdenum silicides synthesized from oxide precursors

Ovali D., Tarraste M., Kaba M., Ağaoğulları D., Kollo L., Prashanth K. G., ...More

CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, vol.47, no.10, pp.13827-13836, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2021.01.248
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.13827-13836
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This work investigated the spark plasma sintering behavior of mechanochemically synthesized molybdenum silicide (MS) powders. Nanosized MS powders were obtained via a mechanochemical synthesis process applied to the initial MoO3?SiO2?Mg powder batches. Various characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), particle size analysis (PSA), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were performed to reveal the compositional and morphological properties of the homemade MS powders. The increasing sintering temperature up to 1600 ?C enhanced the sinterability of the MS samples. In addition to the XRD and SEM/EDS analyses, the samples sintered at different temperatures were also characterized in terms of Archimedes? density, microhardness, and fracture toughness properties. The MS sample sintered at the temperature of 1600 ?C demonstrated a relative density of 93.7%, a Vickers microhardness of 14.9 GPa, and a fracture toughness of 3.54 MPa?m. The wear rate decreased significantly with increasing sintering temperature from 3.60 x 10-5 mm3/Nm (1500 ?C) to 1.77 x 10-5 mm3/Nm (1600 ?C). Lastly, thermal gravimetry analyses (TGA) were conducted to observe the oxidation behavior of the sintered samples. The oxidation resistance of MS samples improved with increasing sintering temperatures.