Temporal analysis of coastal erosion in Turkey: a case study Karasu coastal region

Gormus K. S., Kutoglu S. H., Şeker D. Z., Ozolcer I. H., Oruc M., Aksoy B.

JOURNAL OF COASTAL CONSERVATION, vol.18, no.4, pp.399-414, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11852-014-0325-0
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.399-414
  • Keywords: Coastal erosion, Karasu, Landsat, Black sea, Ikonos, Harbour, GPS, Tourism, Coastal structures, SEDIMENT TRANSPORT, GROIN PARAMETERS, IMPACT, CONSTRUCTION, BEACHES, RIVER, AREA
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Coastal erosion may be caused by natural causes as well as human factors. Karasu town of the city of Sakarya in Turkey which is a touristic region on the Black Sea coast has been experienced a drastic coastal erosion. In recent years, this erosion reached the threatening dimensions for the structures in the settlement. According to the temporal analyses of Landsat satellite images, the maximum erosion on the coastline was detected 100 m between 1987-2013. The results of the study show that the harbour construct on the Karasu coast has the major impact on this event. The secondary factor is that the amount of the sediment carried by the Sakarya River was decreased in time due to different reasons. To prevent the coastal erosion, a series of offshore breakwaters were planned after the failed application of groins on the coastline. In this study, temporal changes of the coastline are investigated by the Landsat satellite data and land surveys, possible reasons of the erosion are discussed and the solutions are proposed regarding the coastal structures.