Investigation of the mechanical, thermal, and acoustical behaviors of cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester nonwoven wastes reinforced epoxy composites

Baccouch W., Ghith A., Yalçın Eniş İ., Sezgin H., Miled W., Legrand X., ...More

JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES, vol.51, no.6, pp.876-899, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/1528083720901864
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Compendex
  • Page Numbers: pp.876-899
  • Keywords: Composite, epoxy, nonwoven waste, Young's modulus, differential scanning calorimetry, sound absorption coefficient, SOUND-ABSORPTION PROPERTIES, PARAMETERS, TENSILE, FIBERS, PET
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The aim of this paper is to develop a textile waste-based composite material with adequate mechanical, acoustical, and thermal properties for automotive or construction fields. For this purpose, three recycled nonwoven wastes including cotton, polyester, and cotton/polyester blend are employed and blended in epoxy resin. The manufacturing of the composite panels is performed by vacuum infusion technique. Mechanical, thermal and acoustical tests are conducted to characterize the performances of both nonwoven fabrics and composite panels. Theoretical Young's moduli of different composites are calculated based on the rule of mixtures in two ways and compared with practical results. Results show that mechanical properties of the manufactured panels are significantly improved compared to pure resin without a notable change in the thermal behavior of the epoxy resin, where composite reinforced cotton nonwoven shows a specific Young's modulus of 3500 MPa/g center dot cm(-3) and a specific tensile strength of 38 MPa/g center dot cm(-3). These panels have been found to be promising materials to decrease the noise emission and good alternatives to pure epoxy products due to their contribution to reducing the textile wastes in landfills as well as the production costs.