Atmospheric plasma-based approaches for the degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP) in water

Altuntaş K., Saleem M., Tomei G., Marotta E., Paradisi C.

JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, vol.301, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 301
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113885
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, Greenfile, Index Islamicus, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Atmospheric plasma, Self-pulsing discharge plasma, Multipin corona discharge, Dimethyl phthalate degradation, Plasma treatment, ADVANCED OXIDATION, CORONA DISCHARGE, REMOVAL, MINERALIZATION, ADSORPTION, MECHANISM, PRODUCTS, LIQUID, ESTERS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Cold plasma based treatment of contaminated water is becoming a promising novel green remediation option. This study assessed the performance of two different cold plasma reactors, using, respectively, a self-pulsing discharge (SPD) and a multipin corona discharge (MCD), in the degradation of dimethyl phthalate (DMP), a persistent and ubiquitous pollutant of the aquatic environment. The process kinetics and energy efficiency, as well as the main plasma generated reactive species were determined under various operating conditions concerning the plasma feed gas and flowrate, the voltage polarity, the input power, the DMP initial concentration, the liquid conductivity, and the aqueous matrix used to prepare DMP solutions for these experiments. The MCD reactor, operated with air as plasma feed gas and negative voltage polarity, gave the best results in terms of rate and energy efficiency. Moreover, variations in plasma input power and in the liquid conductivity have limited effect on DMP degradation rate, making this reactor suitable for treating liquids with a range of initial conductivities The effects of DMP initial concentration on its rate of degradation and on the process energy efficiency were also investigated. Differences in the efficiency of production and distribution of plasma generated reactive species, notably center dot OH and H2O2, observed for the two tested reactors are discussed in terms of different extension of the plasma/liquid interface and diffusion into the bulk solution. It is proposed that among the reactive species, center dot OH foremost, and O3 to a lesser extent, play a pivotal role in DMP degradation, while the contribution of H2O2 appears to be limited. The rate of DMP degradation was not drastically different in Milli-Q water and in tap water, a positive outcome in view of practical applications of the technology. The lower rate observed in tap than in Milli-Q water is attributed to the presence of bicarbonate and carbonate, which are known scavengers of hydroxyl radicals.