New Weight Function for Adapting Handover Margin Level over Contiguous Carrier Aggregation Deployment Scenarios in LTE-Advanced System

Shayea I., Ismail M., Nordin R., Ergen M., Ahmad N., Abdullah N. F., ...More

WIRELESS PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS, vol.108, no.2, pp.1179-1199, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 108 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11277-019-06463-2
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1179-1199
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this paper, an Adaptive Handover Margin algorithm based on Novel Weight Function (AHOM-NWF) is proposed through Carrier Aggregation operation in Long Term Evolution-Advanced system. The AHOM-NWF algorithm automatically adjusts the Handover Margin level based on three functions, f (SINR), f (TL) and f (v), which are evaluated as functions of Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR), Traffic Load (TL), and User's velocity (v) respectively. The weight of each function is taken into account in order to estimate an accurate margin level. Furthermore, a mathematical model for estimating the weight of each function is formulated by a simple model. However, AHOM-NWF algorithm will contribute for the perspective of SINR improvement, cell edge spectral efficiency enhancement and outage probability reduction. Simulation results have shown that the AHOM-NWF algorithm enhances system performance more than the other considered algorithms from the literature by 24.4, 14.6 and 17.9%, as average gains over all the considered algorithms in terms of SINR, cell edge spectral efficiency and outage probability reduction respectively.