Predicting the evolution trajectory of population-driven connectional brain templates using recurrent multigraph neural networks


Demirbilek O., Rekık I.

Medical Image Analysis, vol.83, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 83
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.media.2022.102649
  • Journal Name: Medical Image Analysis
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: Longitudinal multigraphs, Multigraph fusion, Recurrent graph convolution, Graph population template evolution, forecasting, Connectional brain template
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

© 2022 Elsevier B.V.The mapping of the time-dependent evolution of the human brain connectivity using longitudinal and multimodal neuroimaging datasets provides insights into the development of neurological disorders and the way they alter the brain morphology, structure and function over time. Recently, the connectional brain template (CBT) was introduced as a compact representation integrating a population of brain multigraphs, where two brain regions can have multiple connections, into a single graph. Given a population of brain multigraphs observed at a baseline timepoint t1, we aim to learn how to predict the evolution of the population CBT at follow-up timepoints t>t1. Such model will allow us to foresee the evolution of the connectivity patterns of healthy and disordered individuals at the population level. Here we present recurrent multigraph integrator network (ReMI-Net⋆) to forecast population templates at consecutive timepoints from a given single timepoint. In particular, we unprecedentedly design a graph neural network architecture to model the changes in the brain multigraph and identify the biomarkers that differentiate between the typical and atypical populations. Addressing such issues is of paramount importance in diagnosing neurodegenerative disorders at early stages and promoting new clinical studies based on the pinned-down biomarker brain regions or connectivities. In this paper, we demonstrate the design and use of the ReMI-Net⋆ model, which learns both the multigraph node level and time level dependencies concurrently. Thanks to its novel graph convolutional design and normalization layers, ReMI-Net⋆ predicts well-centered, discriminative, and topologically sound connectional templates over time. Additionally, the results show that our model outperforms all benchmarks and state-of-the-art methods by comparing and discovering the atypical connectivity alterations over time. Our ReMI-Net⋆ code is available on GitHub at https://github.com/basiralab/ReMI-Net-Star.