Boosted viscoelastic and dynamic mechanical behavior of binary nanocarbon based polyurethane hybrid nanocomposite foams


Navidfar A., Bulut O. , Baytak T. , İskender H. , Trabzon L.

JOURNAL OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS, vol.56, pp.2907-2920, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/00219983221107964
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS
  • Page Numbers: pp.2907-2920
  • Keywords: Hybrid nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, graphene, 3-dimensional reinforcement, dynamic mechanical analysis, WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES, GRAPHENE NANOPLATELETS, THERMAL-DEGRADATION, THERMOMECHANICAL PROPERTIES, ENTANGLEMENT DENSITY, COMPOSITES, SIZE, FILLER, REINFORCEMENT, PERFORMANCE

Abstract

An effective approach for improving dispersion states of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) was employed via hybrid inclusion of the nanofillers in polyurethane matrix to further enhance viscoelastic properties. Nanocomposites based on MWCNTs, two groups of graphene and hybrid MWCNT/graphene with varied weight fractions and ratios were fabricated via a facile and scalable approach. Dynamic mechanical analysis results indicated an improvement of up to 86% in storage modulus at 25 degrees C for hybrid MWCNT/GNP-S750 at only 0.25 wt% loading, whereas solely MWCNTs and graphene nanocomposites showed 9% and 15% enhancement at the same content, respectively. The glass transition temperature value was enhanced by about 9.5 degrees C with 0.25 wt% inclusion of well-dispersed three-dimensional MWCNT/GNP-S750 structure, which disclosed a noticeable synergistic effect in thermomechanical properties. The reinforcement coefficient, adhesion factor, reinforcement efficiency factor, degree of entanglement and cross-link density of nanocomposites were also examined to evaluate the interaction of single and hybrid carbon nanofillers with PU matrix.