EFFECT OF LIGNITE ADDITION AND STEAM ON THE PYROLYSIS OF TURKISH OIL SHALES


EKINCI E., CITIROGLU M., PUTUN E., LOVE G., LAFFERTY C., SNAPE C.

FUEL, vol.71, no.12, pp.1511-1514, 1992 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 1992
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/0016-2361(92)90227-f
  • Title of Journal : FUEL
  • Page Numbers: pp.1511-1514

Abstract

Steam was found to be a more effective sweep gas than nitrogen at low velocities in fixed-bed pyrolysis of Goynuk oil shale but, at higher velocities and in fluidized-bed pyrolysis, the differences were considerably less marked. Relatively small but significant synergistic effects were observed between lignites and the two oil shales investigated - Goynuk and Seyitomer - under static retorting conditions. These effects were more pronounced with large concentrations of oil shales but disappeared in fluidized-bed pyrolysis, where conversions are considerably higher because mass transfer limitations largely disappear.