Synthesis and electrochemical, in situ spectroelectrochemical, electrical and gas sensing properties of ball-type homo- and hetero-dinuclear phthalocyanines with four [1a,8b-dihydronaphtho[b]naphthofuro[3,2-d]furan-7,10-diyl] bridges

ODABAŞ Z., Koc I., Altindal A., ÖZKAYA A. R., SALİH B., Bekaroglu O.

SYNTHETIC METALS, vol.160, pp.967-977, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 160
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2010.02.011
  • Journal Name: SYNTHETIC METALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.967-977
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The new mono-nuclear Fe(II) 2 and ball-type homo-dinuclear Fe(II)-Fe(II) 3 phthalocyanines have been synthesized from the corresponding 4,4'-(1a,8b-dihydronaphtho[b]naphthofuro[3,2-d]-furan-7,10-diyl)bis(oxy)diphthalonitrile 1 while ball-type hetero-dinuclear Fe(II)-Co(II) phthalocyanine 4 was synthesized from 2. The compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, UV-vis, IR and MALDI-TOF-mass spectroscopies. The redox behaviours of the complexes were identified by controlled-potential coulometry, cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry measurements on Pt in dimethylsulfoxide containing tetrabutylammonium perchlorate. The assignments of the redox processes and the understanding of the interactions between the metal phthalocyanine units in 3 and 4 were achieved by the combined evaluation of the voltammetric and in situ spectroelectrochemical outcomes. Complex 3 showed ring-based mixed-valence behaviour as a result of the considerable interaction between the phthalocyanine rings. On the other hand, the interactions between the two metal phthalocyanine units of 4 were found to be much weaker than those in 3. The potential application of molecular organic semiconductors needs the control adjustment of conductivity. Ac and dc conductivity measurements were performed with the applied external electric filed. At high frequency, the conduction follows the universal power law and conduction mechanism can be explained by classical hopping barriers mechanism for the system. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.