Novel Membrane Technologies in the Treatment and Recovery of Wastewaters

Paşaoğlu M. E., Kaya R., Koyuncu İ.

in: Wastewater Management and Technologies, Eyup DEBIK,Müfit Bahadir,Andreas Haarstrick, Editor, Springer Nature, Zug, pp.87-106, 2023

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Publisher: Springer Nature
  • City: Zug
  • Page Numbers: pp.87-106
  • Editors: Eyup DEBIK,Müfit Bahadir,Andreas Haarstrick, Editor
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In residential areas with limited water supplies or unstable water sources, water reuse was first suggested more than 20 years ago. Pollution, increasing global urban population, and climate change have all had an impact on sustainable water supplies, increasing the demand for efficient wastewater reuse and recovery technology. Wastewater reuse and recovery can be applied with different membrane technologies. The most extensively used membrane applications in the treatment of wastewater and recovery from pretreatment to post-treatment stages are pressure-driven membrane processes. These approaches rely on hydraulic pressure to create separation. These procedures are divided into four categories. The four techniques are microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF), nanofiltration (NF), and reverse osmosis (RO). The fundamental differences between all these techniques, apart from the pressure prerequisites, are the pore sizes of the membranes. Considering the membrane studies in the literature, such pressure-driven membrane technologies have long been implied with a variety of scenarios for wastewater recovery. Besides the pressure-driven membranes, innovative hybrid water recovery solutions rely on concentration, electrical potential, thermal difference, and vacuum-driven membrane processes. The advanced membrane processes that can be explored are pervaporation (PV), forward osmosis (FO), membrane distillation (MD), electrodialysis (EDI), membrane bioreactors (MBR), and a combination of these technologies to be used in zero-liquid discharge systems for wastewater recovery and reuse.