Source rock geochemical assessment and estimation of TOC using well logs and geochemical data of Talhar Shale, Southern Indus Basin, Pakistan

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Khalil Khan H., Ehsan M., Ali A., Amer M. A., Aziz H., Khan A., ...More

Frontiers in Earth Science, vol.10, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3389/feart.2022.969936
  • Journal Name: Frontiers in Earth Science
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Geobase, INSPEC
  • Keywords: total organic carbon (TOC) content, organic richness, thermal maturity, logging data, Schmoker and Hester's method, multivariate fitting method
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Copyright © 2022 Khalil Khan, Ehsan, Ali, Amer, Aziz, Khan, Bashir, Abu-Alam and Abioui.Assessment of organic carbon content (TOC) by geophysical logs has been a challenging task in the formation evaluation of shale gas. This research is conducted to estimate the unconventional hydrocarbon (shale-gas) potential of Talhar Shale in the Southern Indus Basin (SIB), Pakistan. In this study, total organic carbon content (%) was estimated through well logs by different methods and then correlated with well cuttings/core data to determine the best method for estimation of TOC content especially when well cuttings/core data are not available. The Talhar Shale’s thermal maturity, as well as the organic content, were assessed from geochemical analyses. Talhar Shale of Dangi-01 well has good to very good source potential whereas Chak7A-01 well has fair-good. According to Ven Krevalen cross-plot, Talhar Shale of Dangi-01 well has type III kerogen; it can only produce gas while Chak7A-01 has type II/III kerogen which produces both oil and gas. The TOC was estimated using two methods i.e., Schmoker’s and Hester’s and Multivariate Fitting methods. The estimated TOC is then correlated with well cuttings data and concluded that the Multivariate Fitting method is selected as an optimized method for estimation of TOC because it shows strong correlation values of 0.93 and 0.91 in both wells respectively for Talhar Shale SIB, Pakistan.