Enzymatic Synthesis and Characterization of Biodegradable Poly(omega-pentadecalactone-co-epsilon-caprolactone) Copolymers

Ulker C., Guvenilir Y.

JOURNAL OF RENEWABLE MATERIALS, vol.6, no.6, pp.591-598, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.7569/jrm.2017.634189
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.591-598
  • Keywords: Candida antarctica lipase B, immobilized lipase, rice husk ash, copolymerization, enzymatic ring-opening polymerization, lactones, epsilon-caprolactone, omega-pentadecalactone, RING-OPENING POLYMERIZATION, LIPASE-CATALYZED SYNTHESIS, OMEGA-PENTADECALACTONE, EPSILON-CAPROLACTONE, MOLECULAR-WEIGHT, POLYCAPROLACTONE, POLYESTERS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


As an alternative biodegradable aliphatic polyester, poly(omega-pentadecalactone-co-epsilon-caprolactone) copolymer was synthesized via enzymatic ring-opening polymerization. A new biocatalyst, Candida antarctica lipase B, immobilized onto rice husk ash was used for catalysis. Reactions were carried out at various temperatures and periods for varied copolymer compositions in order to obtain the highest molecular weight copolymer. The best reaction parameters were found to be 80 degrees C and 6 hours and molecular weights increased proportionally with the amount of co-pentadecalactone (omega-PDL). The molecular structure of copolymer with 75% weight ratio of omega-PDL (M-n = 19720 g/mol) was characterized by proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopies (H-1-NMR and C-13-NMR). Thermal properties of the same copolymer and homopolymers were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Improved thermal features were shown by addition of omega-PDL to the structure and compared with poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL). Consequently, poly(omega-pentadecalactone-co-epsilon-caprolactone) copolymers were found to be good alternatives to widely used polyester, PCL, with their rapid polymerization tendency, higher molecular weights, and improved thermal features.