Optimization of Exothermic Riser Sleeve Design Parameters

Yücel O., TURAN A., Candeger K. C.

9th International Symposium on High-Temperature Metallurgical Processing, Arizona, United States Of America, 01 January 2018, pp.345-351 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-319-72138-5_35
  • City: Arizona
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.345-351
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Exothermic riser sleeves are important tools to increase solidification duration, particularly for iron-steel casting. Increasing the time to solidus improved casting product quality by minimizing cavities. Therefore, process costs were significantly reduced. In comparison with the use of unsleeved risers, exothermic riser sleeves retain up to 30-35% of the heat and increase the duration to solidus by nearly 50%. Exothermic riser sleeves are a mixture of metallothermic-based exothermic and insulating materials that are manufactured in different sizes and shapes. Various suppliers produce these sleeves in different compositions. However, the designers must clearly understand the thermochemical and thermophysical properties. The purpose of the present study was to experimentally determine the effects of varying experimental parameters such as reaction duration, flammability and temperature change etc. on selected exothermic sleeves. The results were compared with thermodynamical simulations which were performed using the contents and the corresponding thermophysical properties of exothermic sleeves.