Fast transient fluorescence technique to study critical exponents at the glass transition


PHASE TRANSITIONS, vol.76, no.6, pp.543-556, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 76 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/0141159031000085714
  • Title of Journal : PHASE TRANSITIONS
  • Page Numbers: pp.543-556


The fast transient fluorescence (FTRF) technique was used to study critical exponents at the glass transition in free-radical crosslinking copolymerization (FCC) for two different monomeric systems, methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene (S). Pyrene (P-y) was used as a fluorescence probe. The fluorescence lifetimes of P-y from its decay traces were measured and used to monitor the gelation process. Changes in the viscosity of the pregel solutions due to glass formation dramatically enhance the fluorescent yield of aromatic molecules. This effect is used to study the glass transition upon gelation of MMA and S monomeric systems as a function of time, at various temperatures and crosslinker concentrations. The results are interpreted in the view of percolation theory. The gel fraction and weight average degree of polymerization exponents beta and gamma are found to be 0.37 +/- 0.02 and 1.66 +/- 0.07 in agreement with percolation results.