On the Possible Cause of Sudden Storage Modulus Increase during the Heating of PM FeMnSiCrNi SMAs

Pricop B., Grigoras M., Borza F., Özkal B., Bujoreanu L.

NANOMATERIALS, vol.12, no.14, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/nano12142342
  • Journal Name: NANOMATERIALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: FeMnSi-based shape memory alloys, storage modulus, internal friction, magnetization, martensite, martensite plates, lattice parameter, pre-strain, austenite, SHAPE-MEMORY ALLOYS, FE-MN, MARTENSITIC-TRANSFORMATION, EPSILON TRANSFORMATION, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, INTERNAL-FRICTION, TITANIUM-ALLOYS, TEMPERATURE, PHASE, TRANSITION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A sudden increase in storage modulus (Delta E') was repeatedly recorded during the heating of powder metallurgy (PM) 66Fe-14Mn-6Si-9Cr-5Ni (mass. %) shape memory alloy specimens subjected to dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), under constant applied strain amplitude and frequency. This instability, exceeding 12 GPa, was associated with the reverse martensitic transformation of alpha'-body centered cubic (bcc) martensite to gamma-face centered cubic (fcc) austenite, overlapped on a magnetic transition. This transition, observed by thermomagnetic measurements (T-MAG), was associated with the temporary spontaneous alignment of magnetic spins, which lasted until thermal movement became prevalent, during heating. Delta E' was located around 250 degrees C on DMA thermograms and this temperature had the tendency to increase with the solution treatment temperature. On T-MAG diagrams, magnetization saturation temperature decreased from 405 degrees C to 52 degrees C with the increase in applied magnetic field from 20 Oe to 1 kOe and the increase in mechanically alloyed powder volume from 20% to 40%. On scanning electron micrographs, the presence of thermally induced alpha'-bcc martensite was emphasized together with the sub-bands that impede its stress-induced formation during DMA solicitation. On X-ray diffraction patterns of the solution-treated specimens, the presence of 22-82% alpha'-bcc martensite was identified, together with 8-55% retained austenite. It was assumed that the pre-existence of austenite together with alpha'-bcc martensite, in the microstructure of the solution-treated specimens, favored the magnetic transition, which destabilized the material and caused the storage modulus increase. The specimen comprising the largest amounts of austenite experienced the largest Delta E'.