Sloshing in a three-dimensional rectangular tank: Numerical simulation and experimental validation

Akyildiz H., UENAL N. E.

OCEAN ENGINEERING, vol.33, no.16, pp.2135-2149, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.oceaneng.2005.11.001
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2135-2149
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


Pressure variations and three-dimensional effects on liquid sloshing loads in a moving partially filled rectangular tank have been carried out numerically and experimentally. A numerical algorithm based on the volume of fluid (VOF) technique is used to study the nonlinear behavior and damping characteristics of liquid sloshing. A moving coordinate system is used to include the non-linearity and avoid the complex boundary conditions of moving walls. The numerical model solves the complete Navier-Stokes equations in primitive variables by using of the finite difference approximations. In order to mitigate a series of discrete impacts, the signal computed is averaged over several time steps. In order to assess the accuracy of the method used, computations are compared with the experimental results. Several configurations of both baffled and unbaffled tanks are studied. Comparisons show good agreement for both impact and non-impact type slosh loads in the cases investigated. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.