Feature determination for heart sounds based on divergence analysis

Dokur Z., Ölmez T.

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING, vol.19, no.3, pp.521-531, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.dsp.2007.11.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.521-531
  • Keywords: Heart sound analysis, Feature extraction for heart sounds, Wavelet transform, Segmentation of S1-S2 sounds, Divergence analysis, VALVE DISEASES, ALGORITHM, DIAGNOSIS, SYSTEM, 1ST
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Heart auscultation (the interpretation of heart sounds by a physician) is a fundamental component of cardiac diagnosis. It is, however, a difficult skill to acquire. In decision making, it is important to analyze heart sounds by an algorithm to give support to medical doctors. In this Study, two feature extraction methods are comparatively examined to represent different heart Sound (HS) categories. First, a rectangular window is formed so that one period of I-IS is contained in this window. Then, the windowed time samples are normalized. Discrete wavelet transform is applied to this windowed one period of HS. Based oil the wavelet detail coefficients at several hands, the time locations of S1-S2 Sounds are determined by all adaptive peak detector. In the first feature extraction method, sub-bands belonging to the detail coefficients are partitioned into tell segments. flowers of the detail coefficients in each segment are computed. In the second feature extraction method, the power of the signal in a window which consists of 64 samples is computed without filtering the HSs. In the study, performances of these two feature extraction methods are comparatively examined by the divergence analysis. The analysis quantitatively measures the distribution of vectors in the feature Space. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.