Towards Multimodal Driver's Stress Detection

BORIL H., Boyraz P., HANSEN J. H. L.

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR IN-VEHICLE SYSTEMS AND SAFETY, pp.3-19, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier


Non-driving-related cognitive load and variations of emotional state may impact the drivers' capability to control a vehicle and introduce driving errors. The availability of stress detection in drivers would benefit the design of active safety systems and other intelligent in-vehicle interfaces. In this chapter, we propose initial steps towards multimodal driver stress (distraction) detection in urban driving scenarios involving multitasking, dialog system conversation, and medium-level cognitive tasks. The goal is to obtain a continuous operation-mode detection employing driver's speech and CAN-Bus signals, with a direct application for an intelligent human vehicle interface which will adapt to the actual state of the driver. First, the impact of various driving scenarios on speech production features is analyzed, followed by a design of a speech-based stress detector. In the driver-/maneuver-independent open test set task, the system reaches 88.2% accuracy in neutral/stress classification. Second, distraction detection exploiting CAN-Bus signals is introduced and evaluated in a driver-/maneuver-dependent closed test set task, reaching 98% and 84% distraction detection accuracy in lane keeping segments and curve negotiation segments, respectively. Performance of the autonomous classifiers suggests that future fusion of speech and CAN-Bus signal domains will yield an overall robust stress assessment framework.