Coaxial electrospun Si/C-C core-shell composite nanofibers as binder-free anodes for lithium-ion batteries

Li Y., Xu G., Yao Y., Xue L., Yanilmaz M., Lee H., ...More

SOLID STATE IONICS, vol.258, pp.67-73, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 258
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ssi.2014.02.003
  • Journal Name: SOLID STATE IONICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.67-73
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Si/C-C core-shell nanofiber structure was designed by dual nozzle coaxial electrospinning and subsequent carbonization. This core-shell nanofiber structure has Si/C composite as the core and carbon as the shell. Used as an anode in lithium-ion batteries, the carbon shell can help buffer the large volume expansion/contraction of the Si/C core during charge/discharge and restrain the capacity fading caused by the mechanical failure of the active material. Results showed that after 50 cycles, the discharge capacity of Si/C-C core-shell composite nanofibers was 63% higher than that of Si/C composite nanofibers and the capacity retention increased from 48.6 to 72.4%. It is, therefore, demonstrated that Si/C-C core-shell composite nanofibers are promising anode material with large reversible capacity and good cycling stability. (c) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.