Investigation of the effect of magnesium and activated carbon on the photocatalytic degradation reaction of ZnO photocatalyst

Cevik M. S., Sahin Ö., Baytar O., Horoz S., Ekinci A.

DESALINATION AND WATER TREATMENT, vol.209, pp.212-218, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 209
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.5004/dwt.2021.26468
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Geobase, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.212-218
  • Keywords: Activated carbon, Characterization, Doping, Photocatalytic, Synthesis, METHYLENE-BLUE, REMOVAL, NANOPARTICLES, GENERATION, MECHANISMS, SURFACE
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


To improve the photodegradation of methyl blue (MB) by ZnO under visible light irradiation, the sol-gel method was used to synthesize ZnO photocatalysts co-doped with Mg and supported on activated carbon (AC) with various properties. The photocatalysts synthesized were characterized in terms of their structure and optical properties. X-ray diffraction and UV-vis absorption spectra measurements were carried out to examine the structural and optical properties of photocatalysts. Such photocatalytic behaviors of photocatalysts preceded the order: Mg:ZnO/AC > ZnO/AC > ZnO. This consequence was ascribed to the small crystallite size, large surface area, the narrow bandgap of Mg:ZnO/AC photocatalyst. Besides, first-order kinetics accompanied the degradation of MB on photocatalysis. The active species (OH)-O-center dot and O-center dot(2)- performed more key roles in composite photocatalytic degradation of MB.