Assessment of climate change simulations over climate zones of Turkey

Önol B., Ünal Y.

REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE, vol.14, no.5, pp.1921-1935, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10113-012-0335-0
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1921-1935
  • Keywords: Climate change, Regional climate modeling, Climate of Turkey, SPACE-TIME CLIMATE, WATER AVAILABILITY, CHANGE IMPACTS, MODEL, VARIABILITY, INDICATORS, CLOUD
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Projected climate change over Turkey has been analyzed by using the reference (1961-1990) and future (2071-2100) climate simulations produced by ICTP-RegCM3. Since examining Turkey as a single region could be misleading due to the existence of complex topography and different climatic regions, Turkey has been separated into seven climatic regions to evaluate the surface temperature and precipitation changes. Comparison of the reference simulation with observations was made spatially by using a monthly gridded data set and area-averaged surface data compiled from 114 meteorological stations for each climatic region of Turkey. In the future simulation, warming over Turkey's climatic regions is in the range of 2-5 A degrees C. Summer warming over western regions of Turkey is 3 A degrees C higher than the winter warming. During winter, in the future simulation, precipitation decreases very significantly over southeastern Turkey (24 %), which covers most of the upstream of Euphrates and Tigris river basin. This projected decrease could be a major source of concern for Turkey and the neighboring countries. Our results indicate that a significant increase (48 %) in the autumn season precipitation is simulated over southeastern Turkey, which may help to offset the winter deficit and therefore reduce the net change during the annual cycle.