Metal ion sensing functional mono and double-decker lanthanide phthalocyanines: Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties


Kandaz M., Bilgiçli A. T., Altındal A.

Synthetic Metals, vol.160, no.1-2, pp.52-60, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 160 Issue: 1-2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2009.09.039
  • Journal Name: Synthetic Metals
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-60
  • Keywords: Aggregation, Conductivity, Double-decker, Impedance spectroscopy, Ionophore, Phthalocyanine
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

We report, in this study, the preparation, physical characterization metal ion sensing properties of peripherally functionalized ionophore ligand, 4,5-bis(6-hydroxyhexylthio)-1,2-dicyanobenzene (1) and its mono 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octakis(6-hydroxyhexylthio)phthalocyaninatometal (II) {M = ZnII (2), CuII (3)} and double-decker lanthanide bis-phthalocyanines, {([4,5,4′,5′ 4″,5″,4‴,5‴]-tetrakis-(6-hydroxyhexylthio)phth alocyaninatolanthanium(III)}){M[Pc(S-C6H13OH) 4]2} {M = EuIII (4), YbIII (5), and LuIII (6)}. All benzenes on phthalocyanines are functionalized with hydroxyhexylsulfanyl moieties for potential use as soft metal ion binding, such as Ag+ and Pd2+. The temperature dependence of the dc and ac conduction properties of 4, 5 and 6 thin films have been investigated in the frequency range of 40-105 Hz and temperature range 290-436 K. The dc results showed an activated conductivity dependence on temperature for all films. Obtained data reveal that ac conductivity obeys the relation σac(ω) = Aωs and exponent is found to decrease by increasing temperature. The data obtained results were compared with the prediction of the Quantum Mechanical Tunelling (QMT) and Correlated Barrier Hopping (CBH) models. The analysis showed that the CBH model is the dominant conduction mechanism for the electron transport in the films. The new synthesized compounds have been characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR, MS, UV-vis and EPR spectral data. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.