in: Removal of Emerging Contaminants Through Microbial Processes, Maulin P Shah, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Singapore, pp.373-398, 2021
Enzymes are biocatalysts which intend to accelerate any biochemical reaction. The mutual principle of different enzymes is to form an enzyme-substrate complex. Some enzymes need activators with the intention to become active, while others do not. A decreasing or termination of enzymes activities can be occurred by competitive, noncompetitive, or uncompetitive inhibitions. In the last two decades, enzymes gained various advantages over microorganisms with the purpose of treating different forms of pollutants in different types of wastewater. In addition, the recovery of effective and beneficial compounds from industrial wastewater particularly is another advantage offered by enzymes. The development of competent and suitable solutions is a significant research area for degrading specific compounds in industrial wastewaters. Enzymatic degradation, which is a process of decomposing natural and synthetic polymers, is one of the approaches in order to treat or recover different types of pollutants. Different configurations of enzymatic reactors can be operated with the purpose of conducting the enzymatic degradation process to achieve a promising treatment of industrial wastewater.