Molecular monolayers for conformal, nanoscale doping of InP nanopillar photovoltaics

Cho K., Ruebusch D. J., Lee M. H., Moon J. H., Ford A. C., Kapadia R., ...More

APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, vol.98, no.20, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 98 Issue: 20
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.3585138
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Semiconductor nanopillar arrays with radially doped junctions have been widely proposed as an attractive device architecture for cost effective and high efficiency solar cells. A challenge in the fabrication of three-dimensional nanopillar devices is the need for highly abrupt and conformal junctions along the radial axes. Here, a sulfur monolayer doping scheme is implemented to achieve conformal ultrashallow junctions with sub-10 nm depths and a high electrically active dopant concentration of 10(19)-10(20) cm(-3) in arrays of InP nanopillars. The enabled solar cells exhibit a respectable conversion efficiency of 8.1% and a short circuit current density of 25 mA/cm(3). The work demonstrates the utility of well-established surface chemistry for fabrication of nonplanar junctions for complex devices. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3585138]