Cucurbita Plants: From Farm to Industry


Salehi B., Sharifi-Rad J., Çapanoğlu Güven E. , Adrar N., Çatalkaya G. , Shaheen S., ...More

APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, vol.9, no.16, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 9 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/app9163387
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL

Abstract

The Cucurbita genus, a member of Cucurbitaceae family, also known as cucurbits, is native to the Americas. Genus members, like Cucurbita pepo and Cucurbita maxima, have been used for centuries in folk medicine for treating gastrointestinal diseases and intestinal parasites. These pharmacological effects are mainly attributed to their phytochemical composition. Indeed, Cucurbita species are a natural source of carotenoids, tocopherols, phenols, terpenoids, saponins, sterols, fatty acids, functional carbohydrates, and polysaccharides, that beyond exerting remarkable biological effects, have also been increasingly exploited for biotechnological applications. In this article, we specifically cover the habitat, cultivation, phytochemical composition, and food preservative abilities of Cucurbita plants.