Artificial Intelligence Based Prediction of Seawater Level: A Case Study for Bosphorus Strait

Karsavran Y., Erdik T.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MATHEMATICAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES, vol.6, no.5, pp.1242-1254, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 6 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.33889/ijmems.2021.6.5.075
  • Page Numbers: pp.1242-1254
  • Keywords: Seawater level prediction, Artificial intelligence, ANN, SVM, Bosphorus strait, Danube River, SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES, SEA-LEVEL, NEURAL-NETWORKS, LAKE VAN, MODEL, FLUCTUATIONS, FUZZY


Sea level prediction is an important phenomenon for making reliable oceanographic and ship traffic management decisions especially for Bosphorus Strait that has no permanent sea level measurement stations due to high cost. This study presents artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Support Vector Machines (SVM) to predict the seawater level in the Bosphorus Strait. In addition, the Multiple Linear Regression model (MLR) is constructed and employed as a benchmark. The dataset employed in developing the models are wind speed, atmospheric pressure, water surface salinity, and temperature data, which were measured between September 2004 and January 2006. The results reveal that all ANN and SVM models outperform MLR and can predict the water levels quite accurately. ANN has a better performance than SVM for predicting sea level in the Bosphorus by coefficient of correlation (R) = 0.76 and root mean square error (RMSE) = 0.059. Moreover, the influence of the Danube River discharge in the prediction is investigated in the present study. The discharge of the Danube River by the lag time of 70 days yields the highest performance on ANN by increasing R to 0.82 and decreasing RMSE to 0.048.