This article records the degradation of the refractory alumina-silicate lining in a boiler furnace combusting dendromass after ten years of use. The deterioration of refractory alumina material was evaluated from phase and chemical analyses of accretions. The fusion temperatures of accretion were measured with a high-temperature microscope and the results were compared with the solidus (point of first liquid formation) temperature predicted by FactSage 7.3 thermodynamic simulation software. Content of SiO2 (50-65%) in accretions confirms that fine silicate particles of ash adhere to the lining. These silicates react with subliming alkalis from the dendromass and form aggressive eutectic melts on surface of lining at operating temperatures. Increase in operating temperature, inhomogeneity (porosity) and alkali content in accretions are the main factors influencing accretion viscosity, melt convection and lining corrosion. For this reason accretions on the vertical walls lower down are much thicker than on the walls in the upper part and the arch. The Al2O3 concentration is higher in the arch accretions; there the refractory material corrodes intensively. The fusion temperatures of the glassy accretions (measured at the furnace atmosphere: accretion boundary) are around 1150 degrees C. However, the calculated temperatures of slag formation stated by FactSage are about 150 degrees C lower, and these correspond to the operating temperature in the upper section of the combusting chamber. The fusion temperatures increase with the Al2O3 content in accretions closer to the lining. The obtained results will be applied to define the requirements for the development of boiler furnace refractories.