Fast transient fluorescence technique for determination of gelation activation energies in free-radical cross-linking copolymerization

Kaya D., Pekcan O.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, vol.106, no.27, pp.6961-6965, 2002 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 106 Issue: 27
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/jp012405r
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.6961-6965
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Gelation during free-radical cross-linking copolymerization (FCC) of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDM) was studied using the fast transient fluorescence (FTRF) technique. Pyrene (P-y) was used as a probe for the FTRF experiments. Fluorescence lifetimes of Py from its decay traces were measured and used to monitor the gelation processes in various EGDM contents at various temperatures. MMA consumption rates were measured during the gelation process by employing the Stern-Volmer kinetic model. Composite rate constants, k(r), for FCC were determined for each EGDM content at different temperatures; and it is observed that as EGDM content and/or temperature is increased kr increased. Gelation activation energies, DeltaE(G), were measured for different EGDM contents, and it is observed that as DeltaE(G) is decreased the EGDM content is increased.