Preparation of a novel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) ultrafiltration membrane modified with Ag/TiO2 nanoparticle with enhanced hydrophilicity and antibacterial activities


Haghighat N., Vatanpour Sargheın V., Sheydaei M., Nikjavan Z.

SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY, vol.237, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 237
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.seppur.2019.116374
  • Journal Name: SEPARATION AND PURIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Ag/TiO2 nanocomposite, EPVC membrane, Surface hydrophilicity, Antibacterial, Fouling, PHASE INVERSION MEMBRANES, MIXED MATRIX MEMBRANES, SILVER ION RELEASE, REVERSE-OSMOSIS, NANOCOMPOSITE MEMBRANES, COMPOSITE MEMBRANES, PERFORMANCE, TIO2, NANOFILTRATION, FILMS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Ag/TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated via a co-precipitation method and used to prepare a novel polyvinyl chloride (PVC) membrane, i.e. Ag/TiO2/PVC nanocomposite membrane. Effect of Ag/TiO2 adding on the membrane properties was examined. The EDX elemental mapping confirmed good dispersion of Ag/TiO2 NPs on the membrane surface. ATR-FTIR analysis certified existence of hydroxyl groups on the Ag/TiO2/PVC membrane surface. Furthermore, the values of the pure water flux (PWF) was enhanced from 41 L/m(2) h for bare EPVC membrane to 58.6 L/m(2) h for Ag/TiO2/PVC nanocomposite membrane containing 1 wt% Ag/TiO2. The antimicrobial behavior of Ag/TiO2/PVC membrane has been tested using Gram-negative bacteria: Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Escherichia coli (E. coli), and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) Gram-positive bacteria, and inhibition of bacterial growth was observed. Better antifouling and antibacterial properties for the blended membranes were observed. It is hoped that our study will be used as a good method for modification of EPVC membrane in water treatment industry.