Strengthening additively manufactured Inconel 718 through in-situ formation of nanocarbides and silicides

Tekoğlu E., O'Brien A. D., Liu J., Wang B., Kavak S., Zhang Y., ...More

Additive Manufacturing, vol.67, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 67
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.addma.2023.103478
  • Journal Name: Additive Manufacturing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Compendex, INSPEC
  • Keywords: Laser powder bed fusion, Ni-based superalloy, Additive manufacturing, Mechanical property, In-situ alloying
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


We report additive manufacturing (AM) of a nickel superalloy metallic matrix composite (Ni-MMC) using laser powder bed fusion (LPBF). Nanoceramic-containing composite powders were prepared by high-speed blender declustering and ball milling of as-received SiC nanowires (2 vol%) and Inconel 718 alloy powders, which produced a homogeneous decoration of SiC on the surfaces of Inconel particles. Analysis of the as-printed specimens revealed the dissolution of SiC nanowires during laser melting, leading to the in-situ formation of Nb- and Ti-based silicide and carbide nanoparticles. These in-situ formed nanoparticles resulted in a more desirable solidification microstructure of the AM Inconel 718 with fewer printing defects (cracks and pores) and slightly refined grain sizes. Mechanical characterization of the as-printed Ni-MMCs revealed notable increases in hardness, yield strength (by 16%), and ultimate tensile strength (σUTS, by 12%) compared to the reference samples without SiC addition. After heat treatment, the same composite samples displayed a 10% higher σUTS compared to identically treated unreinforced material while maintaining ∼14% total tensile elongation. We believe this in-situ precipitate formation presents a simple and effective method for strengthening additively manufactured high-temperature materials that could be used in the increasingly harsh environments in energy and propulsion applications.