The Reflections of Organizational Identification Built Upon Social Identity Theory on the Perception of Alienation in Higher Education


Çetin M., Fayda Kinik F. Ş.

2016 International Academic Conference, Massachusetts, United States Of America, 1 - 03 August 2016, pp.328-344

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Massachusetts
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.328-344
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

From the social perspective of higher education, the effect of organizational identification on undergraduate students gains importance in order to explain their perceptions of alienation. The aim of this study is to investigate and to quantify the relationship between the organizational identification built upon social identity theory and the perception of alienation in higher education. This study was hypothesized that Organizational Identification including the two categorical antecedents; namely, organizational distinctiveness and organizational prestige influences the undergraduate students' perception of alienation in higher education. The study group here used was selected from university students studying at a prestigious state university in Istanbul, Turkey in the 2015-2016 Academic Year. The scales of Organizational Identification, Organizational Distinctiveness, Organizational Prestige, and Alienation were applied to 201 university students. The SPSS 22.0 (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) was used for analyzing the data obtained from the participants from the university. Independent-sample t-tests and the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to determine whether there are any significant differences among the means of independent groups. In order to determine whether or not there has been any relationship between organizational identification and the undergraduate students' perception of alienation, correlation analysis was performed; and to quantify this relationship Multiple Linear Regression analysis was performed. The results of this study suggested that there was a significant effect of gender on alienation, with women receiving higher scores than men. For the demographic variable "age", there was a significant difference between age groups for organizational identification, organizational distinctiveness, and organizational prestige respectively, with the ones aged between 17-19. Additionally, school type was revealed to have a significant effect on the perceived organizational identification and alienation. For the demographic variable " the order of preference in the university application ", the results suggested that there was no significant difference between participants' order of preference in the university application and factors. It was also found out that organizational identification has a positive effect while organizational distinctiveness has a negative effect on alienation. Moreover, being Science High school graduates and female increased the alienation score. Finally, the scores of organizational identification predicted alienation through a positive correlation, but the scores of organizational distinctiveness predicted alienation through a negative correlation.