Enhancement in c-Si solar cells using 16 nm InN nanoparticles

Chowdhury F. I., Alnuaimi A., Alkis S., ORTAÇ B., Akturk S., ALEVLİ M., ...More

MATERIALS RESEARCH EXPRESS, vol.3, no.5, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 3 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/2053-1591/3/5/056202
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, 16 nm indium nitride (InN) nanoparticles (NPs) are used to increase the performance of thin-film c-Si HIT solar cells. InN NPs were spin-coated on top of an ITO layer of c-Si HIT solar cells. The c-Si HIT cell is a stack of 2 mu m p type c-Si, 4-5 nmn type a-Si, 15 nm n(+) type a-Si and 80 nm ITO grown on a p(+) type Si substrate. On average, short circuit current density (J(sc)) increases from 19.64 mA cm(-2) to 21.54 mA cm(-2) with a relative improvement of 9.67% and efficiency increases from 6.09% to 7.09% with a relative improvement of 16.42% due to the presence of InN NPs. Reflectance and internal/external quantum efficiency (IQE/EQE) of the devices were also measured. Peak EQE was found to increase from 74.1% to 81.3% and peak IQE increased from 93% to 98.6% for InN NPs coated c-Si HIT cells. Lower reflection of light due to light scattering is responsible for performance enhancement between 400-620 nm while downshifted photons are responsible for performance enhancement from 620 nm onwards.