Frequency-Domain Design of Overcomplete Rational-Dilation Wavelet Transforms


Bayram I. , Selesnick I. W.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, vol.57, no.8, pp.2957-2972, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tsp.2009.2020756
  • Title of Journal : IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING
  • Page Numbers: pp.2957-2972

Abstract

The dyadic wavelet transform is an effective tool for processing piecewise smooth signals; however, its poor frequency resolution (its low Q-factor) limits its effectiveness for processing oscillatory signals like speech, EEG, and vibration measurements, etc. This paper develops a more flexible family of wavelet transforms for which the frequency resolution can be varied. The new wavelet transform can attain higher Q-factors (desirable for processing oscillatory signals) or the same low Q-factor of the dyadic wavelet transform. The new wavelet transform is modestly over-complete and based on rational dilations. Like the dyadic wavelet transform, it is an easily invertible 'constant-Q' discrete transform implemented using iterated filter banks and can likewise be associated with a wavelet frame for L(2) (R). The wavelet can be made to resemble a Gabor function and can hence have good concentration in the time-frequency plane. The construction of the new wavelet transform depends on the judicious use of both the transform's redundancy and the flexibility allowed by frequency-domain filter design.