Effects of H2/O2 and H2/O3 gases on PtMo/C cathode PEMFCs performance operating at different temperatures

Şahin Ö., Akdag A., Horoz S., Ekinci A.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol.48, no.44, pp.16829-16840, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 48 Issue: 44
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2023.01.135
  • Journal Name: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Artic & Antarctic Regions, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC
  • Page Numbers: pp.16829-16840
  • Keywords: Cathode, Open circuit voltage, Ozone, PEM fuel Cell, PtMo/C electro catalyst
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCThis study reported the activity of catalysts synthesized from platinum and molybdenum alloys in different atomic ratios and used as cathode electrocatalysts in the PEMFC. The structural properties of PtMo/C and Pt/C catalysts were analyzed by XRD analysis. The composition and distribution of these alloys in Vulcan XC-72R Carbon were determined by SEM and EDX techniques. CV studies assessed electrochemical properties such as ORR and ECSA activity. The performance of PEMFC cathodes that supplied pure hydrogen and oxygen was examined using polarization curves at different temperatures. Another way to improve the cathodic reaction is to use ozone as a potent oxidizing agent. It was measured that the OCV of the H2/O3 PEM fuel cell was 1.60 V, much greater than the open circuit voltage of the traditional H2/O2 PEM fuel cell. The PtMo/C catalyst achieved its highest power density of 137 mWcm−2 at 70 °C, 128 mWcm−2 at 60 °C, 101 mWcm−2 at 50 °C, and 85 mWcm−2 at 40 °C when exposed to H2/O2. As the temperature of the cell was raised, it was seen that the catalyst's catalytic activity increased. The maximum power density was detected to be inversely related to the rise in temperature when ozone was used. At low current densities, however, ozone was observed to greatly boost activation polarization.