Neutron stars in a perturbative f(R) gravity model with strong magnetic fields

Cheoun M., DELİDUMAN C., Gungor C., Keles V., Ryu C. Y. , Kajino T., ...More

JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS, no.10, 2013 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1475-7516/2013/10/021
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus


In Kaluza-Klein electromagnetism it is natural to associate modified gravity with strong electromagnetic fields. Hence, in this paper we investigate the combined effects of a strong magnetic field and perturbative f(R) gravity on the structure of neutron stars. The effect of an interior strong magnetic field of about 10(17-18) G on the equation of state is derived in the context of a quantum hadrodynamics (QHD) equation of state (EoS) including effects of the magnetic pressure and energy along with occupied Landau levels. Adopting a random orientation of interior field domains, we solve the modified spherically symmetric hydrostatic equilibrium equations derived for a gravity model with f(R) = R + alpha R-2. Effects of both the finite magnetic field and the modified gravity are detailed for various values of the magnetic field and the perturbation parameter a along with a discussion of their physical implications. We show that there exists a parameter space of the modified gravity and the magnetic field strength, in which even a soft equation of state can accommodate a large (>2 M-circle dot) maximum neutron star mass.