Environmentally friendly process instead of cyanide leaching on recycling of gold and silver from jewellery scraps and wastes

Aydın Ş. B., Gül A.

WASTE MANAGEMENT & RESEARCH, vol.39, no.2, pp.233-241, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 39 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/0734242x20931947
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, BIOSIS, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Environment Index, Geobase, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, DIALNET, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.233-241
  • Keywords: flotation, gold, Jewellery scrap, jewellery waste, leaching, precious metal recycling, silver
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Nowadays, the production and exploration of gold has an increased importance all over the world. Recycling is a significant source for the supply of gold and has a pronounced effect on its price. The flotation method, which is more economical and more environmentally friendly than cyanide leaching, has been investigated for recycling gold and silver from jewellery slag. A jewellery slag sample containing 28.3 ppm Au and 42.0 ppm Ag was obtained from a refinery in Turkey. Flotation concentrate assaying 614.6 ppm Au and 511 ppm Ag was achieved with recoveries of 89.0% and 83.2%, respectively. On the other hand, 87.8% Au and 81.5% Ag extractions were obtained by cyanide leaching tests. Based on these results, flotation is suggested, considering its environmental and economic benefits.