Fault slip source models for the 2014 M-w 6.9 Samothraki-Gokceada earthquake (North Aegean Trough) combining geodetic and seismological observations


Saltogianni V., GIANNIOU M., Taymaz T. , YOLSAL-CEVIKBILEN S., Stiros S.

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH, cilt.120, ss.8610-8622, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 120 Konu: 12
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/2015jb012052
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SOLID EARTH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.8610-8622

Özet

The 24 May 2014, M-w 6.9, Samothraki-Gokceada shallow (depth: 11 km) earthquake along the North Aegean Trough (NAT), at the westward extension of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ), is investigated using constraints from seismological and geodetic data. A point source solution based on teleseismic long-period P and SH waveforms suggests an essentially strike-slip faulting mechanism consisting of two subevents, while from a finite fault inversion of broadband data the rupture area and slip history were estimated. Analysis of data from 11 permanent GPS stations indicated significant coseismic horizontal displacement but no significant vertical or postseismic slip. Okada-type inversion of horizontal slip vectors, using the new TOPological INVersion algorithm, allowed precise modeling of the fault rupture both as single and preferably as double strike-slip faulting reaching the surface. Variable slip models were also computed. The independent seismological and geodetic fault rupture models are broadly consistent with each other and with structural and seismological data and indicate reactivation of two adjacent fault segments separated by a bend of the NAT. The 2014 earthquake was associated with remote clusters of low-magnitude aftershocks, produced low accelerations, and filled a gap in seismicity along the NAT in the last 50 years; faulting in the NAT seems not directly related to the sequence of recent faulting farther east, along the NAFZ and the seismic gap in the Marmara Sea near Istanbul.