Fault slip source models for the 2014 Mw 6.9 Samothraki-Gökçeada earthquake (North Aegean Trough) combining geodetic and seismological observations

Saltogianni V., GIANNIOU M., Taymaz T., YOLSAL-CEVIKBILEN S., Stiros S.

Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.120, no.12, pp.8610-8622, 2015 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 120 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/2015jb012052
  • Journal Name: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.8610-8622
  • Keywords: Coulomb stress changes, fault geometry, focal mechanism, Imbroz, Imvros, Samothrace, surface deformation
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


©2015. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.The 24 May 2014, Mw 6.9, Samothraki-Gökçeada shallow (depth: 11 km) earthquake along the North Aegean Trough (NAT), at the westward extension of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ), is investigated using constraints from seismological and geodetic data. A point source solution based on teleseismic long-period P and SH waveforms suggests an essentially strike-slip faulting mechanism consisting of two subevents, while from a finite fault inversion of broadband data the rupture area and slip history were estimated. Analysis of data from 11 permanent GPS stations indicated significant coseismic horizontal displacement but no significant vertical or postseismic slip. Okada-type inversion of horizontal slip vectors, using the new TOPological INVersion algorithm, allowed precise modeling of the fault rupture both as single and preferably as double strike-slip faulting reaching the surface. Variable slip models were also computed. The independent seismological and geodetic fault rupture models are broadly consistent with each other and with structural and seismological data and indicate reactivation of two adjacent fault segments separated by a bend of the NAT. The 2014 earthquake was associated with remote clusters of low-magnitude aftershocks, produced low accelerations, and filled a gap in seismicity along the NAT in the last 50 years; faulting in the NAT seems not directly related to the sequence of recent faulting farther east, along the NAFZ and the seismic gap in the Marmara Sea near Istanbul.